The National Historic Preservation Act became law on October 15, 1966. This act established the following institutions: Advisory Council of Historical Preservation, State Historic Preservation Office, National Register of Historic Places, and the Section 106 review process. The National Registry of Historical Places is overseen by the National Park Service. The office maintains the nation’s official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation.
The State Historic Preservation Office was established to coordinate statewide inventory of historic properties, nominate properties to the National Register, maintain a statewide preservation plan, assist others, and advise and educate locals. The City of Avon Lake declared in 2010 that as a matter of policy the importance of safeguarding the architectural integrity of historic sites, buildings, structures, works of art and other objects having a special historical, community or aesthetic interest or value in the interest of the health, prosperity, safety and welfare of the residents of this city.
It was the intent of Ordinance 2010-36 to establish procedures whereby certain areas, places, sites, buildings, structures and objects shall be allowed the measure of protection afforded by a thorough study of alternatives to incompatible alterations or demolition before such acts are performed. To this end, the Avon Lake Historical Preservation Commission was established.
Significant Historical Sites
Among the several well known sites of historical significance in Avon Lake are the Folger Home, the Cottage District, and the Lake Shore Cemetery. All sites are located on the shore of Lake Erie on Lake Road as is the Peter Miller House. Also known as U.S. Route 6 or the Grand Army of the Republic Highway, Lake Road traverses the northern limits of Avon Lake from Bay Village to Sheffield Lake. This route also is part of the Lorain County Scenic Byways Tour.